Biological gas consumption commonly climbs and drops with the seasons. In the wintertime, we historically have used a lot more biological gas for warming. We are veering towards using natural gas for electrical energy, in addition to heat. So, we are consuming more and more natural gas year round.
Spikes in the summer time are seemly more basic than ever now that natural gas is being used for cooling in our homes and businesses. The high demand for clean burning, energy economic natural gas involves that we constantly extract, process and move natural gas to the areas that need it most. We also must stock redundant gas so that it is ready for use. We store certain amounts based on expected consumption and we store excess amounts that will secure that the supply equals or exceeds the demand when natural gas needs spike higher than expected. We used to mostly deplete coal gas. Coal gas was stored in gasometers starting in the mid-eighteenth century.
These were big, above-ground tanks that slowly slumped into the ground as the gas reserves were used up. Coal gas was used mainly in towns for lighting, heating and sometimes cooking. Coal gas quickly became widely referred to as community gas.
Once large biological gas stores were came across in the late 20th century, we finally gave up using coal gas. Natural gas is far safer and cheaper than coal gas ever was. We distill natural gas from the natural gas stores and move it via pipeline to where it is needed. Natural gas in a gaseous state can take up a lot of room. Therefore, we chill it to a temperature that puts it into a liquid state. Old aquifers are supposed to contain liquid and are a good underground option for housing liquid natural gas.
Natural gas is much too dangerous to store above ground in tanks where it can be exposed to heat, so underground choices are preferable. Biological gas can as well be stored in aged salt mines or old gas reservoirs. Gas stores are beneath the ground and are composed of holey rock. This rock held natural gas at some time and makes a well-suited location for storing natural gas.
We usually store natural gas in gas stores that we would expect to consume within about a year's time. It can be extremely complicated to extract the gas that we need from gas reservoirs, so other methods are used for gas demands that are unexpected. We house natural gas in aquifers and salt mines for unforseen needs.
These emplacements offer a quick retrieval of natural gas when we have a sudden demand. The tank of naural gas in an aquifer or salt mine usually lasts a couple of days or weeks tops. Natural gas is often informally referred to as simply gas, especially when compared to other energy sources such as electricity. Before natural gas can be used as a fuel, it must undergo extensive processing to remove almost all materials other than methane. The by-products of that processing include ethane, propane, butanes, pentanes and higher molecular weight hydrocarbons, elemental sulfur, and sometimes helium and nitrogen.
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